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Published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development - UNCTAD

WORLD INVESTMENT REPORT 2001
Promoting linkages


The World Investment Report 2001 examines the issue of linkages between foreign affiliates of multinational enterprises and local companies in developing countries. Worldwide FDI flows again reached record levels in 2000. FDI remains the main driver of the expansion of the international production system. Forging linkages between foreign affiliates and domestic firms is a main challenge for policy-makers in developing countries in order to benefit from FDI as much as possible. WIR 2001 pays particular attention to this challenge. The objective is not to raise linkages at any cost, but to use them to upgrade the competitive capabilities of domestic enterprises. Fostering linkages is an important means of diffusing knowledge, information and skills from a foreign investor. In a technology and skill driven world, this can contribute to increasing the efficiency and growth potential of the host economy. WIR 2001 provides valuable information on country and company experience in this field.

Table of contents - Preface
Overview
Overview in:
French,
Spanish

PART ONE
THE GEOGRAPHY OF INTERNATIONAL PRODUCTION
Introduction
Chapter I
THE GLOBAL PICTURE
A. The geographical dynamics of FDI: the setting
B. The growth of FDI in 2000
1. Developed countries
a. United States
b. European Union
c. Japan
d. Other developed countries
2. Developing countries
a. Africa
b. Developing Asia
c. Latin America and the Caribbean
d. The least developed countries
3. Central and Eastern Europe
C. The inward FDI Index
Notes
Chapter II
MAPPING INTERNATIONAL PRODUCTION
A. Global patterns
B. Sub-national patterns
C. Industrial and functional patterns
1. Industrial location and the role of clusters
2. The location of corporate functions
Notes
Chapter III
THE LARGEST TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS
A. The 100 largest TNCs worldwide
B. The largest 50 transnational corporations from developing countries
C. The largest 25 TNCs from Central and Eastern Europe
Notes
CONCLUSION
PART TWO
PROMOTING LINKAGES BETWEEN FOREIGN AFFILIATES AND DOMESTIC FIRMS
Introduction
Chapter IV
BACKWARD LINKAGES: IMPACT, DETERMINANTS AND TNC EXPERIENCE
A. Why backward linkages matter
B. Linkage determinants
C. Creating and deepening linkages: what companies do
D. Conclusions
Notes
Annex to chapter IV. Supplier development activities by foreign affiliates
Chapter V
POLICIES TO STRENGTHEN LINKAGES
A. The role of government policy
B. Trade and investment measures influencing linkages
C. Specific measures to assist the creation and deepening of linkages
D. Specific government linkage promotion programmes
Notes
Annex to chapter V. Additional country programmes
Chapter VI
KEY ELEMENTS OF A LINKAGE PROMOTION PROGRAMME
A. Setting policy objectives
B. Identifying the targets
C. Areas for specific policy measures
D. Organizational and institutional framework
References
Annexes:
Annex A. Additional Text Tables and Figures
Annex B. Definitions and Sources. Statistical Annex
Selected UNCTAD publications on transnational corporations and foreign direct investments
Questionnaire

Full Reportá[PDF, 382 pp., 12863KB]
Franšaisá
Espa˝olá


Book information:
UN Symbol: UNCTAD/WIR/2001
Sales no.: E.01.II.D.12
Date of publication: 18/09/01
ISBN: 92-1-112523-5
ISSN: WIR ISSN
No. of pages: 382
Price:
US$ 49 (Developed countries)
US$ 19 (Developing countries)
To order: Order form


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