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Appendix Table 2
Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding European Union intra-trade), 1998
(Billion dollars and percentage)

Rank

EXPORTERS

Value (f.o.b.)

Share

Change

Rank

IMPORTERS

Value (c.i.f)

Share

Change

1

European Union (15)

813.8

20.3

0

1

United States

944.6

22.5

5

2

United States

683.0

17.0

-1

2

European Union (15)

801.4

19.1

6

3

Japan

388.0

9.7

-8

3

Japan

280.5

6.7

-17

4

Canada

214.3

5.3

-1

4

Canada

205.0

4.9

2

5

China

183.8

4.6

1

5

Hong Kong, China

188.7

4.5

-12

6

Hong Kong, China

174.1

4.3

-7

 

retained importsa

38.9

0.9

-26

 

domestic exports

24.3

0.6

-11

6

China

140.2

3.3

-2

7

Korea, Rep. of

133.2

3.3

-2

7

Mexico

128.9

3.1

14

8

Mexico

117.5

2.9

6

8

Chinese Taipei

104.2

2.5

-9

9

Chinese Taipei

109.9

2.7

-9

9

Singapore

101.5

2.4

-23

10

Singapore

109.8

2.7

-12

 

retained importsa

54.9

1.3

-31

 

domestic exports

63.3

1.6

-13

10

Korea, Rep. of

93.3

2.2

-35

                   

11

Switzerland

78.7

2.0

3

11

Switzerland

80.0

1.9

5

12

Malaysia

73.3

1.8

-7

12

Australia

64.7

1.5

-2

13

Russian Fed.b

56.2

1.4

-16

13

Brazil

61.0

1.5

-6

14

Australia

55.9

1.4

-11

14

Malaysia

58.5

1.4

-26

15

Thailand

53.6

1.3

-7

15

Poland

48.0

1.1

13

16

Brazil

51.0

1.3

-3

16

Turkey

46.4

1.1

-4

17

Indonesia

48.8

1.2

-9

17

Russian Fed.b

44.7

1.1

-18

18

Norway

39.6

1.0

-18

18

India

42.9

1.0

4

19

Saudi Arabia

38.8

1.0

-35

19

Thailand

41.8

1.0

-33

20

India

33.2

0.8

-3

20

Norway

36.2

0.9

1

                   

21

Philippines

29.3

0.7

17

21

Philippines

32.0

0.8

-17

22

Czech Rep.

26.4

0.7

16

22

Argentina

31.4

0.7

3

23

South Africa

26.3

0.7

-15

23

South Africa

29.3

0.7

-11

24

Poland

26.3

0.7

2

24

Israel

29.1

0.7

-5

25

Turkey

26.1

0.7

0

25

Czech Rep.c

28.8

0.7

6

26

Argentina

25.2

0.6

-1

26

Indonesia

27.4

0.7

-34

27

United Arab Emirates

24.2

0.6

-16

27

United Arab Emirates

27.0

0.6

-10

28

Israel

23.3

0.6

3

28

Hungary

25.8

0.6

22

29

Hungary

22.9

0.6

20

29

Saudi Arabia

23.7

0.6

-13

30

Venezuela

17.2

0.4

-25

30

Chile

18.8

0.4

-4

 

Total of aboved

3704.0

92.2

-4

 

Total of aboved

3786.0

90.1

-4

 

Worldd

4018.0

100.0

-4

 

Worldd

4200.0

100.0

-3

aRetained imports are defined as imports less re-exports.
bData exclude trade with the Baltic States and the CIS. Including trade with these States would lift Russian exports and imports to $73.9 billion and $59.5 billion, respectively.
cImports are valued f.o.b.
dIncludes significant re-exports or imports for re-export.

Source: World Trade Organization