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from Beijing Review, Jan 30-Feb 5, Feb 13-19, 1995

NUMBER OF UNITS ENGAGED IN TERTIARY INDUSTRY IN CHINA

The results of a 1994 general survey on China's tertiary industry
revealed that by the end of 1992, the country had 21.84 million units
engaged in tertiary industry, some 4.95 million of which were
enterprises, institutions and administrative units, with an additional
16.89 million being urban and rural individual households. In terms of
former three classifications, 2.69 million were independent accounting
units, while 2.26 million were separate accounting units. Compared with
1991, the number of units engaged in tertiary industry increased by
12.9 percent, with the number of rural individual households engaged in
the sector rising by 14.3 percent.

ECONOMIC CATEGORIES:
                            1992        |      1991
                       Number |         | Number |
                      of units| Percent |of units| Percent
                      (10,000)|   (%)   |(10,000)|   (%)
------------------------------------------------------------
Total                  2183.8 |  100.00 | 1934.4 |  100.00
------------------------------------------------------------
State-Owned             231.0 |   10.58 |  217.5 |   11.25  
Collective              248.1 |   11.36 |  226.0 |   11.68
Private                   2.3 |    0.11 |    1.4 |    0.07
Individual Household   1688.6 |   77.33 | 1477.3 |   76.37
Jointly operated          1.2 |    0.05 |    0.7 |    0.04
Stockholding              0.7 |    0.03 |    0.4 |    0.02
Foreign-funded            0.3 |    0.01 |    0.2 |    0.01
Hong Kong, Macao and 
Taiwan funded             0.4 |    0.02 |    0.2 |    0.01
Others                   11.2 |    0.52 |   10.7 |    0.55
------------------------------------------------------------

ACCORDING TO TRADE (Not including individual households)
----------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Number of
                                           units in
                                            1992
                                           (10,000)   Percentage
----------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                         495.2      100.00
----------------------------------------------------------------
Agricultural, Forestry, Animal Husbandry
and Fisheries Services                         18.6        3.76
Geological Exploration and Water
Conservancy Admin. Departments                  4.6        0.93
Communications, Transportation, Warehousing,
Posts and Telecommunications                   12.9        2.60
Wholesale, Retail and Catering Trade          137.6       27.79
Finance and Insurance                          16.9        3.41
Real Estate                                     2.9        0.59
Social Services                                22.2        4.48
Public Health, Sports and Social Welfare       32.2        6.50
Education, Culture, Arts, Radio, Film and TV   94.4       19.06
Scientific Research and Comprehensive
Technological Services                          4.3        0.87
State, Government and Party Departments and
Social Organizations                          143.0       28.88
Others                                          5.6        1.13
------------------------------------------------------------------

INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLDS ENGAGED IN TERTIARY INDUSTRY ACCORDING TO TRADES
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Number of Individual        Percentage
                             Households (10,000)
Total                              1688.6                  100.00
Communications and Transportation   326.3                   19.32
Commerce                            885.4                   52.43
Catering                            179.8                   10.65
Service                             125.3                    7.42
Maintenance and Repair               96.9                    5.74
Others                               74.9                    4.44
------------------------------------------------------------------------

NUMBER OF PEOPLE ENGAGED IN TERTIARY INDUSTRY IN CHINA

The results of a 1994 general survey on China's tertiary industry
revealed that by the end of 1992, the country had 114.834 million
people engaged in its tertiary industry, some 87.477 million of which
were working with enterprises, institutions and administrative units,
with an additional 27.361 million being with urban and rural individual
households. Compared with 1991, the number of people engaged in the
tertiary industry has increased by 8.8 percent, with the number of
people in urban and rural individual households in the sector rising by
15.9 percent.

ECONOMIC CATEGORIES:
                        1992 Year-end   |   1991 Year-end
                     Number of|         |Number of|
                     employees| Percent |employees| Percent
                      (10,000)|   (%)   |(10,000) |   (%)
------------------------------------------------------------
Total                 11483.8 |  100.00 | 10554.1 |  100.00
------------------------------------------------------------
State-Owned            6094.9 |   53.07 |  5807.1 |   55.02  
Collective             2463.0 |   21.45 |  2240.6 |   21.23
Private                  24.8 |    0.22 |    14.3 |    0.14
Individual Household   2736.1 |   23.83 |  2360.4 |   22.36
Jointly operated         25.7 |    0.22 |    18.2 |    0.17
Stockholding             31.7 |    0.27 |    22.0 |    0.21
Foreign-funded           18.2 |    0.16 |    13.6 |    0.13
Hong Kong, Macao and 
Taiwan funded            20.7 |    0.18 |    15.1 |    0.14
Others                   68.7 |    0.60 |    62.8 |    0.60
------------------------------------------------------------

ACCORDING TO TRADE (Not including individual households)
----------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Number of
                                           employees
                                        1992 Year-end
                                           (10,000)   Percentage
----------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                        8747.7      100.00
----------------------------------------------------------------
Agricultural, Forestry, Animal Husbandry
and Fisheries Services                        158.1        1.81
Geological Exploration and Water
Conservancy Admin. Departments                149.2        1.71
Communications, Transportation, Warehousing,
Posts and Telecommunications                 1015.6       11.61
Wholesale, Retail and Catering Trade         2257.6       25.81
Finance and Insurance                         259.3        2.96
Real Estate                                    69.2        0.79
Social Services                               562.7        6.42
Public Health, Sports and Social Welfare      528.1        6.04
Education, Culture, Arts, Radio, Film and TV 1552.3       17.75
Scientific Research and Comprehensive
Technological Services                        160.0        1.83
State, Government and Party Departments and
Social Organizations                         1916.3       21.91
Others                                        119.3        1.36
------------------------------------------------------------------

NUMBER OF PEOPLE ENGAGED IN INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLD TERTIARY INDUSTRY
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Employees Engaged in
                             Tertiary Industry at
                             the end of 1992            Percentage
                                 (10,000)
Total                              2736.1                  100.00
Communications and Transportation   478.0                   17.47
Commerce                           1334.4                   48.77
Catering                            468.3                   17.12
Service                             198.7                    7.26
Maintenance and Repair              136.4                    4.99
Others                              120.3                    4.39
------------------------------------------------------------------------
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