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Indicators on population
Source: Population Division and Statistics Division of the
        United Nations Secretariat.

                             Estimated population Sex ratio     Average annual
                             (thousands), 1997    (males  per   rate of change of  
                                                  100 females), population (%),
                                Male       Female    1997       1995-2000   
Afghanistan                     11342      10790      105           5.27
Albania                          1751       1671      105           0.64
Algeria                         14916      14557      102           2.34
American Samoa                     24 a b     23 a b  104 a b       2.81
Angola                           5715       5855       98           3.34
Antigua and Barbuda               ...        ...      ...           0.65
Argentina                       17497      18174       96           1.26
Armenia                          1770       1872       95           0.17
Aruba                              33 c       34 c     97 c         0.92
Australia                        9110       9140      100           1.06
Austria                          4015       4146       97           0.60
Azerbaijan                       3753       3902       96           0.77
Bahamas                           142        147       97           1.59
Bahrain                           333        249      134           2.08
Bangladesh                      62622      59391      105           1.64
Barbados                          127        135       94           0.29
Belarus                          4861       5477       89          -0.13
Belgium                          4993       5195       96           0.25
Belize                            113        111      102           2.49
Benin                            2811       2909       97           2.80
Bhutan                            936        926      101           2.77
Bolivia                          3863       3911       99           2.33
Bosnia and Herzegovina           1873       1911       98           3.90
Botswana                          745        773       96           2.20
Brazil                          80686      82446       98           1.24
Brunei Darussalam                 161        146      110           2.10
Bulgaria                         4115       4313       95          -0.48
Burkina Faso                     5528       5559       99           2.80
Burundi                          3122       3276       95           2.80
Cambodia                         5085       5430       94           2.23
Cameroon                         6923       7014       99           2.74
Canada                          14841      15101       98           0.85
Cape Verde                        191        215       89           2.48
Central African Rep.             1654       1762       94           2.12
Chad                             3310       3392       98           2.75
Chile                            7237       7387       98           1.36
China                          640625     603113      106           0.90
Colombia                        18394      18673       99           1.66
Comoros                           331        321      103           3.07
Congo                            1341       1404       96           2.80
Cook Islands                       10 c        9 c    111 c         0.90
Costa Rica                       1808       1767      102           2.07
C˘te d'Ivoire                    7291       7008      104           2.01
Croatia                          2175       2322       94          -0.09
Cuba                             5550       5518      101           0.43
Cyprus                            383        384      100           1.25
Czech Republic                   5004       5234       96          -0.13
Dem. Rep. of the Congo          23759      24281       98           2.59
Denmark                          2599       2649       98           0.19
Djibouti                          312        322       97           2.68
Dominica                           35 c d     36 c d   97 c d       0.05
Dominican Republic               4116       3981      103           1.65
East Timor                        434        409      106           1.64
Ecuador                          5997       5941      101           1.97
Egypt                           32721      31745      103           1.85
El Salvador                      2907       3020       96           2.20
Equatorial Guinea                 207        213       97           2.46
Eritrea                          1692       1717       99           3.66
Estonia                           684        771       89          -0.96
Ethiopia                        30257      29891      101           3.20
Fiji                              411        398      103           1.56
Finland                          2507       2635       95           0.28
France                          28517      30026       95           0.33
French Guiana                      60 b       55 b    109 b         3.93
French Polynesia                  117        110      106           1.88
Gabon                             562        576       98           2.77
Gambia                            577        591       98           2.26
Gaza Strip                        442        421      105           4.16
Georgia                          2596       2839       91          -0.12
Germany                         40225      41965       96           0.27
Ghana                            9107       9231       99           2.79
Greece                           5179       5343       97           0.27
Grenada                            43 e       46 e     93 e         0.41
Guadeloupe                        214        223       96           1.46
Guam                               83         74      112           1.81
Guatemala                        5674       5567      102           2.81
Guinea                           3828       3786      101           1.35
Guinea-Bissau                     547        565       97           1.98
Guyana                            418        429       97           1.04
Haiti                            3630       3765       96           1.86
Honduras                         3014       2967      102           2.75
Hong Kong  f                     3239       3010      108           0.80
Hungary                          4775       5214       92          -0.59
Iceland                           138        136      101           0.97
India                          495862     464316      107           1.61
Indonesia                      101510     101969      100           1.47
Iran (Islamic Rep. of)          36373      35145      103           2.23
Iraq                            10775      10402      104           2.80
Ireland                          1777       1782      100           0.16
Israel                           2871       2910       99           1.91
Italy                           27833      29407       95           0.00
Jamaica                          1262       1253      101           0.94
Japan                           61686      63952       96           0.22
Jordan                           2954       2820      105           3.28
Kazakstan                        8185       8647       95           0.13
Kenya                           14233      14181      100           2.22
Kiribati                           36 b       37 b     97 b         1.90
Korea, Dem. People's Rp.        11441      11396      100           1.58
Korea, Republic of              23041      22676      102           0.86
Kuwait                            889        842      106           3.01
Kyrgyzstan                       2196       2284       96           0.37
Lao People's Dem. Rep.           2566       2629       98           3.07
Latvia                           1132       1343       84          -1.13
Lebanon                          1535       1609       95           1.78
Lesotho                          1051       1080       97           2.48
Liberia                          1243       1225      101           8.56
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya           3006       2778      108           3.33
Liechtenstein                      14 g       14 g    100 g         1.42
Lithuania                        1759       1960       90          -0.25
Luxembourg                        207        210       99           1.07
Macau                             221        230       96           2.11
Madagascar                       7892       7953       99           3.13
Malawi                           4990       5097       98           2.54
Malaysia                        10606      10412      102           2.04
Maldives                          140        133      105           3.44
Mali                             5654       5826       97           3.03
Malta                             184        187       98           0.63
Marshall Islands                   23 h       22 h    105 h         3.51
Martinique                        188        200       94           0.97
Mauritania                       1185       1207       98           2.52
Mauritius                         570        571      100           1.08
Mexico                          46703      47577       98           1.63
Micronesia, Fed. States of         54 d i     51 d i  106 d i       2.75
Monaco                             13 j       14 j     93 j         1.15
Mongolia                         1288       1281      101           2.10
Morocco                         13776      13742      100           1.77
Mozambique                       9021       9244       98           2.51
Myanmar                         23297      23468       99           1.80
Namibia                           803        810       99           2.41
Nepal                           11438      11154      103           2.53
Netherlands                      7758       7903       98           0.50
Netherlands Antilles               95        102       93           0.70
New Caledonia                      95         92      103           1.48
New Zealand                      1801       1840       98           1.09
Nicaragua                        2171       2180      100           2.59
Niger                            4838       4949       98           3.32
Nigeria                         58695      59674       98           2.84
Northern Mariana Islands           23 b       21 b    110 b         1.86
Norway                           2165       2199       98           0.35
Oman                             1276       1125      113           4.16
Pakistan                        74330      69501      107           2.71
Palau                               8 b        7 b    114 b         1.91
Panama                           1375       1347      102           1.64
Papua New Guinea                 2320       2180      106           2.24
Paraguay                         2564       2524      102           2.59
Peru                            12091      12276       98           1.73
Philippines                     35613      35111      101           2.02
Poland                          18798      19838       95           0.09
Portugal                         4721       5082       93          -0.06
Puerto Rico                      1823       1948       94           0.93
Qatar                             375        194      193           1.80
Republic of Moldova              2126       2322       92           0.09
Reunion                           329        344       96           1.30
Romania                         11122      11484       97          -0.20
Russian Federation              69136      78573       88          -0.31
Rwanda                           2902       2981       97           7.85
Saint Kitts and Nevis              23 k       22 k    105 k        -0.09
Saint Lucia                        65 c d     69 c d   94 c d       1.28
St. Vincent and the Grenadines     53 c       53 c    100 c         0.89
Samoa                              88         80      110           1.13
San Marino                         12 l       12 l    100 l         1.38
Sao Tome and Principe              58 c       59 c     98 c         2.00
Saudi Arabia                    10833       8661      125           3.42
Senegal                          4386       4376      100           2.66
Seychelles                         37 d i     37 d i  100 d i       1.03
Sierra Leone                     2171       2257       96           2.97
Singapore                        1733       1706      102           1.50
Slovakia                         2607       2747       95           0.13
Slovenia                          931        991       94          -0.11
Solomon Islands                   208        196      106           3.21
Somalia                          5060       5157       98           3.89
South Africa                    21525      21812       99           2.19
Spain                           19486      20232       96           0.09
Sri Lanka                        9063       9210       98           0.97
Sudan                           13998      13900      101           2.21
Suriname                          217        220       99           1.16
Swaziland                         435        471       92           2.77
Sweden                           4375       4469       98           0.25
Switzerland                      3608       3669       98           0.67
Syrian Arab Republic             7556       7395      102           2.54
Tajikistan                       3009       3036       99           1.87
Thailand                        29563      29596      100           0.76
The FYR of Macedonia             1103       1086      102           0.71
Togo                             2139       2177       98           2.70
Tonga                              47 m       46 m    102 m         0.38
Trinidad and Tobago               689        619      111           0.82
Tunisia                          4723       4602      103           1.81
Turkey                          31742      31032      102           1.55
Turkmenistan                     2095       2140       98           1.89
Uganda                          10330      10461       99           2.63
Ukraine                         23898      27526       87          -0.37
United Arab Emirates             1473        835      176           2.01
United Kingdom                  28533      29668       96           0.09
United Rep. of Tanzania         15602      15904       98           2.30
United States of America       133855     137793       97           0.79
US Virgin Islands                  49 a b     53 a b   92 a b       0.65
Uruguay                          1570       1652       95           0.55
Uzbekistan                      11739      11917       99           1.89
Vanuatu                            89         89      100           2.49
Venezuela                       11467      11310      101           2.02
Viet Nam                        37743      38805       97           1.75
Western Sahara                    132        133       99           3.11
Yemen                            8196       8098      101           3.74
Yugoslavia                       5142       5208       99           0.48
Zambia                           4177       4301       97           2.45
Zimbabwe                         5798       5884       99           2.09

Population estimates from Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, "Sex and Age Annual 1950-2050 (The 1996 Revision)" (data on diskettes), supplemented by "Demographic Yearbook 1994" (United Nations publication, Sales No. E/F.96.XIII.1),"Population and Vital Statistics Report" , Statistical papers, Series A Vol.XLIX, No.1 (Data available as of 1 January 1997) and data compiled from national census reports. Males per 100 females calculated by the Statistics Division of the United Nations Secretariat from the population estimates given. Annual rate of change of population from "World Population Prospects: The 1996 Revision" (United Nations publication, forthcoming).

...  Not available.
 a   Including armed forces stationed in the area.
 b   Data refer to 1990.
 c   Data refer to 1991.
 d   Data are provisional.
 e   Data refer to 1981.
 f   Pursuant to a Joint Declaration signed on 19 December 1984, the 
     United Kingdom restored Hong Kong to the People's Republic of 
     China with effect from 1 July 1997; the People's Republic of China
     resumed the exercise of sovereignty over the territory with effect
     from that date.
 g   Data refer to 1987.
 h   Data refer to 1989.
 i   Data refer to 1994.
 j   Data refer to 1982.
 k   Data refer to 1988.
 l   Data refer to 1993.
 m   Data refer to 1986.


Technical notes:
        Estimates and projections of the total population and population by age and sex are prepared by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and revised every two years in order to incorporate new data. In general, these population figures are estimates of persons resident in the country or area at mid-year. They are usually based on population census data adjusted to the specified year, taking account of birth, death and international migration rates as determined from population surveys and registers and other national sources as available. Short-term residents and visitors in the country or area for less than one year are usually excluded.         Sex ratio is calculated as number of males per 100 females. The approach used in estimating rates of population change is one of continuous growth which considers that population grows exponentially. The average annual percentage change in population is an average for the period 1995-2000.