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World Development Report 1996 : from  plan to market
This World Development Report examines the transition of countries with alternative systems of centrally planned economies back to a market orientation. These countries seceded from the world market economy between 1917 and 1950 and now face a massive restructuring task. This transition goes beyond typical reforms because the change is deep and systemic, requiring the establishment of key market institutions. This report analyzes two sets of overarching questions. The first series focuses on the initial challenges of transition and how different countries have responded. It examines: (i) whether differences in transition policies and outcomes reflect different reform strategies, or whether they reflect primarily country-specific factors such as economic structure, the level of development, or the impact of simultaneous political changes; (ii) whether strong liberalization and stabilization policies are needed up front, or if other reforms can progress equally well without them; (iii) whether privatization is necessary early in the reform process or at all; and (iv) whether there has to be a gulf between winners and losers from transition. The second set of questions looks beyond these challenges to the longer-term agenda of consolidating the reforms by developing the institutions and policies that will help the new market system to flourish. It focuses on: (i) how countries in transition should develop and strengthen the rule of law and control corruption and organized crime; (ii) how they can build effective financial systems; (iii) how governments should restructure themselves to meet the needs of a market system; (iv) how countries can preserve and adapt their human skills base; (v) why international integration is so vital for transition, and what the implications are for trading partners and capital flows; and (vi) how external assistance can best support countries in transition.

Contents of World Development Report 1996

Executive summary
Definitions and data notes
Parte One
The Challenge of Transition
Chapter 1.- Patterns of reform, progress and outcomes
Chapter 2.- Liberalization, Stabilization, and Growth
Chapter 3.- Property rights and enterprise reform
Chapter 4.- People and transition

Part Two
The Challenge of Consolidation
Chapter 5.- Legal institutions and the rule of law
Chapter 6.- Building a financial system
Chapter 7.- Toward better and slimmer governments
Chapter 8.- Investing in people and growth
Chapter 9.- Transition and the World Economy

Part Three
Chapter 10.- Conclusions - and the Unfinished Agenda
Bibliographical note
Appendix: selected indicators for economies in transition
Selected world development indicators
Technical notes
Data sources
Clasificacion of economies by income and region
Order form
 Author: n/a
 Document Type: World Development Report
 Report No: 15892
 Collection Title: n/a
 Volume Title: n/a
 Volume No: 1
 Country, Region or Area: n/a
 Region: n/a
 Sector: Finance
 Sub-Sector: Capital markets
 Project Name/ID: n/a
 Credit No: n/a
 Loan No: n/a
 Trust Fund No/Name: n/a
 Date Stored: 2002/08/16
Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
 Executive Summary. PDF
28 pages - 1.96 MB (approx.)
 Executive Summary
(unformatted text file)

 Full text. PDF
260 pages - 18.2 MB (approx.)
 Full Text
(unformatted text file)

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