The Trilateral Commission / The Triad|
|Global Policy Groups whose membership are the transnational
-Global Economic Forum
-International Chamber of Commerce
-World Business Council for Sustainable Development
|The Trilateral Commission
Trilateral Commission was formed in 1973 by private citizens of Japan, Europe
(European Union countries), and North America (United States and Canada) to
foster closer cooperation among these core democratic industrialized areas of
the world with shared leadership responsibilities in the wider international
system. Originally established for three years, our work has been renewed for
successive triennia (three-year periods), most recently for a triennium to be
completed in 2012.
"When the first triennium of the Trilateral Commission was launched in 1973,
the most immediate purpose was to draw together—at a time of considerable
friction among governments—the highest-level unofficial group possible to look
together at the key common problems facing our three areas. At a deeper level,
there was a sense that the United States was no longer in such a singular
leadership position as it had been in earlier post-World War II years, and that
a more shared form of leadership—including Europe and Japan in particular—would
be needed for the international system to navigate successfully the major
challenges of the coming years.
"The “growing interdependence” that so impressed the founders of the
Trilateral Commission in the early 1970s has deepened into “globalization.” That
interdependence also has ensured that the current financial crisis has been felt
in every nation and region. It has fundamentally shaken confidence in the
international system as a whole. The Commission sees in these unprecedented
events a stronger need for shared thinking and leadership by the Trilateral
countries, who (along with the principal international organizations) have been
the primary anchors of the wider international system. Doubts about whether and
how this primacy will change do not diminish, and, if anything, have intensified
the need to take into account the dramatic transformation of the international
system. As relations with other countries become more mature—and power more
diffuse—the leadership tasks of the original Trilateral countries need to be
carried out with others to an increasing extent.
"As our conviction has strengthened that the Commission remains more important
than ever in helping our countries fulfill their shared leadership
responsibilities in the wider international system, we too have changed. Our
membership has widened to reflect broader changes in the world. Thus, the Japan
Group has become a Pacific Asian Group, including in 2009 both Chinese and
Indian members. Mexican members have been added to the North American Group. The
European Group continues to widen in line with the enlargement of the EU. We are
also continuing in this triennium our practice of inviting a number of
participants from other key areas."
The Triad (E.U., U.S.A, and Japan) in Foreign Direct Investment
UNCTAD: World Development Investment 1991
Table of contents
"This first volume in the World Investment Report series analyses the Triad
(Japan, the European Community and the United States) in terms of foreign direct
It looks at the role transnational corporations play in
promoting regional economic integration around the three poles of the
describes the linkages between foreign direct investment and
trade, technology and financial flows, and
implications for developing countries and the international community."
A. The increasing importance of foreign direct investment
B. Regional distribution
C. Sectoral patterns of foreign direct investment
D. Policies affecting foreign direct investment
Patterns of foreign direct investment in the Triad
A. The Triad members
B. Intra-Triad investment relationships
C. Regional networks of Japanese trasnational corporations
D. The Triad, developing the Central and Eastern European Countries
A. Foreign direct investment and international trade
B. Transnational corporations and technology transfer
C. Transnational corporations and financial flows
D. The integrating agents: transnational corporations
A. The growing role of foreign direct investment in the world economy
B. The issue of governance
C. Policy implications for improving investment flows to developing
Indicators of the significance of foreign affiliates in selected host economies, mid- to
UNCTAD publications on Transnational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment
The transnational corporate system in the late 1990s
Transnational direct investment in less developed societies in the
1990s is consolidating further the historical regional spheres of
influence by the former colonial powers.
By and large, Latin America, Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe are
becoming more than ever "spheres of control of production and trade"
by the financial and industrial centers of the world.
Globalization is a task undertaken by the transnational corporate system,
and the system has three clear centers (United States, Japan, and the
major economies of the European Union). Those centers attract almost
totally the flows of international payment to factors of production,
creating a financial situation where capital flows from poor societies
to rich societies, as it was in the times of colonization and imperial
expansion from the 1500s to the 1930s.
The other main characteristic of the transnational corporate system
during the 1990s was the speeding up of "mergers and acquisitions"
which is one indicator of concentration of capital.
|Róbinson Rojas: The tripolar world capitalist system: U.S.A.-Japan-EU
|Foreign Policy IN FOCUS