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On Planning for Development: Time for Equity: closing gaps, opening trails----------------Editor: Róbinson Rojas Sandford
From Policy Focus Report • Lincoln Institute of Land Policy
All policy focus reports, working papers, conference papers, and Land Lines issues are posted on the Institute website for free downloading. Selected books and book chapters are also available online, and some titles are offered in Spanish, Portuguese, or Chinese in addition to English.

Regularization of Informal Settlements in Latin America
Edesio Fernandes - 2011

Executive Summary

Dwellings in informal settlements generally lack formal legal titles, and they may exhibit irregular development patterns, lack essential public services such as sanitation, and occur on environmentally vulnerable or public land. Whether they are built on private or public land, informal settlements are developed progressively over many years, and some have existed for decades.
Such settlements often become recognized legally as part of the regular development of the city—through either official actions or the accretion of rights over time. Accordingly, the definition of informality is imprecise and multidimensional, covering physical, socioeconomic, and legal aspects.

Chapter 1. The Challenges of Informal Development
Sociolegal Aspects of Informality
Burdens of Informality
Interventions to Resolve Informality

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Informal Development and Assessing its Causes
Problems of Definition
Challenges of Measurement
Causes of Informal Development

Chapter 3. The Regularization of Consolidated Informal Settlements
Challenges of Regularization
Why Regularize?
Who Can Regularize?
Who Pays the Bill, and How?
What Are the Results?

Chapter 4. Experiences with Regularization: The Cases of Peru and Brazil
Titling as a Trigger for Development: The Peruvian Experience
Tenure Security as an Integrated Program: The Brazilian Experience
Assessment of Regularization Experiences
Unanticipated Consequences

Chapter 5. Additional Legal Issues Related to Regularization
Types of Tenure Rights
Legal Issues of Land Occupation
Ensuring the Durability of Benefits for the Poor
Gender and Land Rights
Environmental Protection

Chapter 6. Recommendations on Regularization Policy

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