|From The World Bank
Embargoed: not for news wire transmission, posting on websites, or any other media use
until April 13, 2003 at 2.0 p.m. EDT (Washington time)
World Development Indicators 2003
Global Poverty Goals
Within Reach But Only With Strong Action On Trade, Aid and Investing in
World Development Indicators report tracks progress toward Millennium
Development Goals, shows Africa lagging behind
Washington, April 13,
2003— Global poverty can still be cut in half by 2015 if rich
countries lower trade barriers and boost foreign aid, and poor countries
invest more in the health and education of their citizens, says a new
World Bank report launched at the World Bank/IMF Spring Meetings.
Preface, Table of Contents, Users Guide ... (320K)
Progress toward the international development goals (1.3 MB)
health, and employment (890K)
Natural resources and environmental changes (800K)
States and Markets
Digital divide (490K)
Evidence on globalization (860K)
Bibliography Statistical Methods, Data Documentation, Bibliography ...
not for news wire transmission, posting on websites, or any other media
use until April 13, 2003 at 2:00 p.m. EDT (Washington time)
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
What are the goals; what are the facts
Facts and figures taken from Development
Committee papers presented at the 2003 Spring Meetings of the World
Bank and the IMF
The depth of the challenge varies across the different goals:
- In the year 2000, 115 million primary school-age children in
developing countries were not in school, of which 79 million had
never attended school.
- Over 64 million (56%) of the out-of-school children were girls; 42
million (37%) were from Sub-Saharan Africa.
- The gender gap for low-income countries is, on average, 11
percentage points at the primary level, and 19 percentage points at
the secondary level.
- More than 42 million people live with HIV/AIDS today, compared to
12.9 million in 1992. The disease has infected 39 million adults and
3 million children.
- The HIV/AIDS disease is especially hard hitting in Sub-Saharan
Africa, which now has 29.4 million people living with HIV/AIDS, of
which 10 million are aged 15-24 and almost 3 million are under 15.
They have suffered approximately 3.5 million new infections and lost
2.4 million people to AIDS in 2002. Today, more than 58 percent of
those living with HIV/AIDS in Africa are women.
- In many Southern African countries AIDS has reduced life
expectancy from around 60 years to below 40 years.
- In 2001, 3 million people died from HIV/AIDS. The great majority
(99%) of these deaths occurred in the developing world—73% in
Sub-Saharan Africa alone.
- Each year Zambia loses half as many teachers as it trains to
- At present, the Eastern European nations and Central Asian
republics face the fastest growing HIV/AIDS epidemic.
- The HIV/AIDS epidemic is widespread in the Latin America and
Caribbean region, where an estimated 1.9 million people are living
with the disease, and about 210,000 people were newly infected in
- It is estimated that over two million people are living with
HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific.
- More than 60% of all child mortality is associated with
- Each minute a woman dies in pregnancy or childbirth, with 99% of
maternal deaths occurring in developing countries.
- In 2002, almost 11 million children died before their fifth
birthday. 99% of these deaths occurred in developing countries: 4.5
million (42%) were in Sub-Saharan Africa alone, with the bulk of the
remaining deaths in South Asia (35%).
- Under-five mortality rate among the poorest quarter of the
world’s population is ten times that among the richest quarter.
- An estimated 140 million children under the age of five are
underweight, almost half of these (65 million) in South Asia. In
1998, an estimated 843 million people were considered to be
undernourished based on their food intake.
- In 2000, 520,000 women died during pregnancy or childbirth: only
1,000 of these deaths occurred in the industrialized developing
world; 252,000 took place in Sub-Saharan Africa. The maternal
mortality ratio is twenty times higher among the poorest quarter of
the world’s population than among the richest quarter.
- Life expectancy has declined by as much as 20 years in the
countries with the highest infection rates, and decade-long
improvements in child mortality reversed.
- Tuberculosis (TB) claims 2 million lives every year, and malaria
is associated with over 1 million deaths.
- Only 17% of low-income countries are currently "on
target" for the under-five mortality goal.
- In middle-income countries, the burden of disease has shifted to
noncommunicable diseases, such as diabetes, cancers, and
cardiovascular diseases, requiring an increased focus on prevention.
- In the next 15 minutes about 90 children in developing countries
— six children per minute — will have died from disease caused
by unsafe water and inadequate sanitation.
- At present roughly 1 billion people in the developing world live
without access to safe drinking water, 2.2 billion people without
adequate sanitation, and 4 billion live in conditions where their
wastewater is discharged untreated into local water bodies. This
translates to approximately two out of every ten people are without
access to safe water supply; five out of ten people live without
adequate sanitation (excreta disposal) and nine out of ten people do
not have their wastewaters treated to any degree.
List of goals and targets
Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose
income is less than one dollar a day.
2. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who
suffer from hunger.
Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls
alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary
Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary
education, preferably by 2005, and to all levels of education no
later than 2015.
Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
5. Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five
Goal 5. Improve maternal health
6. Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal
Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
7. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of
8. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of
malaria and other major diseases.
Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
9. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into
country policies and programmes and reverse the losses of
10. Halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable
access to safe drinking water.
11. By 2020 to have achieved a significant improvement in the
lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.
Goal 8. Develop a Global Partnership for Development
12. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable,
non-discriminatory trading and financial system
13. Address the special needs of the least developed countries
14. Address the special needs of landlocked countries and small
island developing States.
15. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing
countries through national and international measures in order
to make debt sustainable in the long term.
16. In cooperation with developing countries, develop and
implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth
17. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access
to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
18. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the
benefits of new technologies, especially information and