World Bank.- RRojas Databank: economics, development, research methods, globalization, poverty, globalization, sustainability, environment, human rights, China, Chile, Asia, Africa, La
Counter visits from more than 160  countries and 1400 universities (details)

The political economy of development
This academic site promotes excellence in teaching and researching economics and development, and the advancing of describing, understanding, explaining and theorizing.
About us- Castellano- Français - Dedication
Home- Themes- Reports- Statistics/Search- Lecture notes/News- People's Century- Puro Chile- Mapuche

From The World Bank Group
Embargoed: not for news wire transmission, posting on websites, or any other media use until April 13, 2003 at 2.0 p.m. EDT (Washington time)

World Development Indicators 2003

Global Poverty Goals Within Reach But Only With Strong Action On Trade, Aid and Investing in People
World Development Indicators report tracks progress toward Millennium Development Goals, shows Africa lagging behind

Washington, April 13, 2003— Global poverty can still be cut in half by 2015 if rich countries lower trade barriers and boost foreign aid, and poor countries invest more in the health and education of their citizens, says a new World Bank report launched at the World Bank/IMF Spring Meetings.

Introductory Information  Preface, Table of Contents, Users Guide ... (320K)

World View  Progress toward the international development goals (1.3 MB)

People  Gender, health, and employment (890K)

Environment  Natural resources and environmental changes (800K)

States and Markets  Digital divide (490K)

Global Links  Evidence on globalization (860K)

Methodology & Bibliography  Statistical Methods, Data Documentation, Bibliography ... (200K)

Regional Comparison (15K PDF)
Africa - Sub-Saharan (10K PDF)
East Asia & Pacific (10K PDF)
Europe & Central Asia (10K PDF)
Latin America & Caribbean (10K PDF)
Middle East & North Africa (10K PDF)
South Asia (10K PDF)
All Regional Tables (35K PDF)
Embargoed: not for news wire transmission, posting on websites, or any other media use until April 13, 2003 at 2:00 p.m. EDT (Washington time)

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
What are the goals; what are the facts

Facts and figures taken from Development Committee papers presented at the 2003 Spring Meetings of the World Bank and the IMF


The depth of the challenge varies across the different goals:

  • In the year 2000, 115 million primary school-age children in developing countries were not in school, of which 79 million had never attended school.
  • Over 64 million (56%) of the out-of-school children were girls; 42 million (37%) were from Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • The gender gap for low-income countries is, on average, 11 percentage points at the primary level, and 19 percentage points at the secondary level.
  • More than 42 million people live with HIV/AIDS today, compared to 12.9 million in 1992. The disease has infected 39 million adults and 3 million children.
  • The HIV/AIDS disease is especially hard hitting in Sub-Saharan Africa, which now has 29.4 million people living with HIV/AIDS, of which 10 million are aged 15-24 and almost 3 million are under 15. They have suffered approximately 3.5 million new infections and lost 2.4 million people to AIDS in 2002. Today, more than 58 percent of those living with HIV/AIDS in Africa are women.
  • In many Southern African countries AIDS has reduced life expectancy from around 60 years to below 40 years.
  • In 2001, 3 million people died from HIV/AIDS. The great majority (99%) of these deaths occurred in the developing world—73% in Sub-Saharan Africa alone.
  • Each year Zambia loses half as many teachers as it trains to HIV/AIDS.
  • At present, the Eastern European nations and Central Asian republics face the fastest growing HIV/AIDS epidemic.
  • The HIV/AIDS epidemic is widespread in the Latin America and Caribbean region, where an estimated 1.9 million people are living with the disease, and about 210,000 people were newly infected in 2002.
  • It is estimated that over two million people are living with HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific.
  • More than 60% of all child mortality is associated with malnutrition.
  • Each minute a woman dies in pregnancy or childbirth, with 99% of maternal deaths occurring in developing countries.
  • In 2002, almost 11 million children died before their fifth birthday. 99% of these deaths occurred in developing countries: 4.5 million (42%) were in Sub-Saharan Africa alone, with the bulk of the remaining deaths in South Asia (35%).
  • Under-five mortality rate among the poorest quarter of the world’s population is ten times that among the richest quarter.
  • An estimated 140 million children under the age of five are underweight, almost half of these (65 million) in South Asia. In 1998, an estimated 843 million people were considered to be undernourished based on their food intake.
  • In 2000, 520,000 women died during pregnancy or childbirth: only 1,000 of these deaths occurred in the industrialized developing world; 252,000 took place in Sub-Saharan Africa. The maternal mortality ratio is twenty times higher among the poorest quarter of the world’s population than among the richest quarter.
  • Life expectancy has declined by as much as 20 years in the countries with the highest infection rates, and decade-long improvements in child mortality reversed.
  • Tuberculosis (TB) claims 2 million lives every year, and malaria is associated with over 1 million deaths.
  • Only 17% of low-income countries are currently "on target" for the under-five mortality goal.
  • In middle-income countries, the burden of disease has shifted to noncommunicable diseases, such as diabetes, cancers, and cardiovascular diseases, requiring an increased focus on prevention.
  • In the next 15 minutes about 90 children in developing countries — six children per minute — will have died from disease caused by unsafe water and inadequate sanitation.
  • At present roughly 1 billion people in the developing world live without access to safe drinking water, 2.2 billion people without adequate sanitation, and 4 billion live in conditions where their wastewater is discharged untreated into local water bodies. This translates to approximately two out of every ten people are without access to safe water supply; five out of ten people live without adequate sanitation (excreta disposal) and nine out of ten people do not have their wastewaters treated to any degree.

List of goals and targets

Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Target 1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day.
Target 2. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.

Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
Target 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.

Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
Target 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and to all levels of education no later than 2015.

Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
Target 5. Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate

Goal 5. Improve maternal health
Target 6. Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.

Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Target 7. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
Target 8. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.

Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
Target 9. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the losses of environmental resources.
Target 10. Halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water.
Target 11. By 2020 to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.

Goal 8. Develop a Global Partnership for Development
Target 12. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
Target 13. Address the special needs of the least developed countries
Target 14. Address the special needs of landlocked countries and small island developing States.
Target 15. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term.
Target 16. In cooperation with developing countries, develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth
Target 17. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
Target 18. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.


--World Development Indicators
---(the complete series)

--World Development Reports
---(the complete series)

-- Selected World Development
--- Indicators (the complete series)

--World Investment Reports
---(the complete series)

--World Investment Reports
---(selected statistics)

-- Planning for Development

Education for Sustainability
Postgraduate courses on
Environment and
Development Education at
London South Bank University

- Part time distance learning
- Full time at the University

- Come visit us at

- Lecture notes
- Notes and papers

- Globalization
- Global Value Chains
- Integrated International

- International Division of

- Transnational Corporations
- The Triad ( U.S.A, Japan, E.U.)

- Dependency Theory
- Planning for Development
- The Developmental State
- The Neo-liberal State
- Development Economics
- The future of development

- Foreign Direct Investment
- Factor Payments to Abroad
- The New Economy in

- International Trade

Back to Global Economic Prospects for Develeping Countries

UNCTAD areas of work:
Globalization and Development
Development of Africa
Least Developed Countries
Landlocked Developing Countries
Small Island Developing States
International Trade and

Services Infrastructure
Investment, Technology and
Enterprise Development

The following databases on-line are available:
Commodity Price Statistics
Foreign Direct Investment
Handbook of Statistics
ICT Statistics
Millennium Indicators

Digital Library:
-- News
-- Main publications
-- UNCTAD Series
-- Basic documents
-- Issues in Brief
-- Newsletters
-- Statistical databases
-- Globalization and
----- Development Strategies

-- Economic Development in
----- Africa

-- International trade
-- Dispute Settlement - Course
----- Modules

-- Investment, Technology and
-----Enterprise Development

-- Services Infrastructure for
--- Development and Trade
----- Efficiency

-- Monographs on Port
----- Management

-- Technical Cooperation
-- Discussion papers
-- G-24 Discussion papers
-- Prebisch Lectures
-- Transnational Corporations
----- Journal

-- Publications Survey 2006-

World indicators on the environment

World Energy Statistics - Time Series

Economic inequality

Other related themes:
- Aid
- Bureaucracy
- Debt
- Decentralization
- Dependency theory
- Development
- Development Economics
- Economic Policies
- Employment/Unemployment
- Foreign Direct Investment
- Gender
- Human Rights
- Human Development
- Hunger
- Inequality/social exclusion
- Informal sector
- Labour Market
- Microfinance
- Migration
- Poverty
- Privatization
- State/Civil Society/

- Sustainable Development
- Transnational Corporations
- Urbanization

- Complete list of development themes