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World indicators on the environmentWorld Energy Statistics - Time SeriesEconomic inequality
EXPORTS : World, North America, Latin America and Western Europe
IMPORTS : World, North America, Latin America and Western Europe
EXPORTS : World, Central and Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania
IMPORTS : World, Central and Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania
Notes and Sources for the tables
Technical Notes
Data from the World Trade Organization.
--------------------------------

World merchandise exports by region and selected economies, 1980, 1985, 1990 and 1995-1998.
(Billion dollars and percentage)

Annual percentage change

Value

Share

Value

Volume

1980

1985

1990

1995

1996

1997

1998

1980

1997

1996

1997

1998

1996

1997

1998

World a, c

2034.00

1950.00

3438.00

5072.00

I

5345.00

5529.00

5422.00

100.00

100.00

5

3

-2

5.7

10.5

4.0

Central and Eastern Europe/Baltic States/CIS c

157.45

156.10

105.40

159.60

I

213.60

I

222.89

I

214.11

7.74

4.03

8

4

-5

6.6

10.4

7.0

Central and Eastern Europe

80.94

69.31

46.42

79.46

84.07

I

90.75

I

101.02

3.98

1.64

3

8

9

6.0

6.5

3.2

Bulgaria

10.39

13.31

5.03

5.36

4.89

4.92

4.27

0.51

0.09

-9

1

-13

-9.3

6.1

-5.1

Czech and Slovak Fed. Rep., former

14.93

10.66

11.88

-

-

-

-

0.73

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Czech Rep.

-

-

-

21.66

21.91

22.78

26.35

-

0.41

1

4

16

2.7

15.5

13.2

German Dem. Rep., former

18.59

15.20

-

-

-

-

-

0.91

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Hungary

8.61

8.47

10.00

12.87

15.71

19.10

23.01

0.42

0.35

2

22

20

4.6

29.9

21.1

Poland

17.02

11.49

14.32

22.90

24.44

25.75

I

28.23

0.84

0.47

7

5

3

9.7

13.7

9.7

Romania

11.40

10.18

4.96

7.91

8.09

8.43

8.30

0.56

0.15

2

4

-2

2.7

11.4

4.7

Slovak Rep.

-

-

-

8.58

8.83

I

9.64

10.67

-

0.17

3

9

11

...

...

...

Baltic States and the CIS

-

-

-

80.13

129.53

132.14

113.10

-

2.39

10

2

-14

4.5

16.7

12.1

Belarus

-

-

-

1.70

5.65

7.30

7.02

-

0.13

20

29

-4

...

...

...

Estonia

-

-

-

0.93

2.08

2.93

3.24

-

0.05

13

41

10

...

...

...

Kazakhstan

-

-

-

2.33

5.91

6.37

5.34

-

0.12

13

8

-16

...

...

...

Latvia

-

-

-

0.69

1.45

1.67

1.81

-

0.03

11

16

8

...

...

...

Lithuania

-

-

-

1.31

3.36

3.86

3.71

-

0.07

24

15

-4

...

...

...

Russian Fed.

-

-

-

63.24

88.60

88.25

73.90

-

1.60

9

0

-16

...

...

...

Turkmenistan

-

-

-

0.94

1.70

0.75

0.25

-

0.01

-10

-56

-67

...

...

...

Ukraine

-

-

-

5.93

14.40

14.23

12.64

-

0.26

10

-1

-11

...

...

...

Uzbekistan

-

-

-

1.68

3.20

3.30

2.43

-

0.06

14

3

-26

...

...

...

USSR, former

76.50

86.78

59.00

-

-

-

-

3.76

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Africa

120.20

80.60

102.30

105.90

123.60

126.10

106.90

5.91

2.28

14

2

-15

...

...

...

Algeria

13.29

12.48

11.33

10.24

12.62

13.89

10.30

0.65

0.25

23

10

-26

...

...

...

Angola

1.88

2.25

3.91

3.88

4.52

4.22

2.88

0.09

0.08

17

-7

-32

...

...

...

Benin

0.06

0.15

0.12

0.19

0.42

0.41

0.42

0.00

0.01

2

-4

3

...

...

...

Botswana

0.50

0.73

1.78

2.14

3.23

2.94

2.34

0.02

0.05

51

-9

-20

...

...

...

Burkina Faso

0.09

0.07

0.15

0.31

0.31

0.33

...

0.00

0.01

1

5

...

...

...

...

Burundi

0.07

0.11

0.08

0.11

0.04

0.09

0.07

0.00

0.00

-63

121

-24

...

...

...

Cameroon

1.38

0.72

2.00

1.65

1.77

1.86

1.58

0.07

0.03

7

5

-15

...

...

...

Cape Verde

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

...

0.00

0.00

44

8

...

...

...

...

Central African Republic

0.12

0.09

0.12

0.17

0.15

0.18

0.18

0.01

0.00

-14

19

3

...

...

...

Chad

0.07

0.06

0.19

0.18

0.24

0.25

0.27

0.00

0.00

32

1

10

...

...

...

Comoros

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

...

0.00

0.00

-45

33

...

...

...

...

Congo

0.91

1.09

0.98

1.17

1.56

1.67

...

0.04

0.03

33

7

...

...

...

...

Congo, Dem. Rep.

1.63

0.95

1.00

0.44

0.59

0.62

0.69

0.08

0.01

35

4

12

...

...

...

C˘te d'Ivoire

3.13

3.20

3.07

3.64

4.26

4.13

4.09

0.15

0.07

17

-3

-1

...

...

...

Djibouti

0.01

0.01

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.02

...

0.00

0.00

35

0

...

...

...

...

Egypt

3.05

1.84

2.59

3.43

3.53

3.92

3.13

0.15

0.07

3

11

-20

...

...

...

Equatorial Guinea

0.01

0.02

0.06

0.09

0.07

0.07

...

0.00

0.00

-15

1

...

...

...

...

Ethiopia

-

-

-

0.42

0.42

0.55

0.54

-

0.01

-1

32

-2

...

...

...

Ethiopia, former

0.43

0.33

0.30

-

-

-

-

0.02

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Gabon

2.17

1.95

2.20

2.71

3.16

3.02

2.10

0.11

0.05

16

-4

-30

...

...

...

Gambia

0.03

0.04

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.01

...

0.00

0.00

13

-44

...

...

...

...

Ghana

1.26

0.62

0.90

1.43

1.49

1.55

1.52

0.06

0.03

4

4

-2

...

...

...

Guinea

0.40

0.49

0.67

0.65

0.76

0.73

0.80

0.02

0.01

17

-4

10

...

...

...

Guinea-Bissau

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.02

0.05

...

0.00

0.00

-32

133

...

...

...

...

Kenya

1.25

0.96

1.03

1.88

2.07

2.05

2.01

0.06

0.04

10

-1

-2

...

...

...

Lesotho

0.06

0.02

0.06

0.16

0.19

0.20

0.24

0.00

0.00

19

3

19

...

...

...

Liberia

0.59

0.44

0.33

0.40

0.51

0.50

...

0.03

0.01

28

-2

...

...

...

...

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

21.91

12.31

13.88

9.50

11.20

10.60

7.10

1.08

0.19

18

-5

-33

...

...

...

Madagascar

0.40

0.27

0.32

0.37

0.30

0.22

...

0.02

0.00

-19

-28

...

...

...

...

Malawi

0.30

0.25

0.42

0.41

0.48

0.53

0.46

0.01

0.01

19

10

-13

...

...

...

Mali

0.21

0.12

0.36

0.44

0.44

0.56

0.59

0.01

0.01

0

28

5

...

...

...

Mauritania

0.19

0.37

0.47

0.47

0.46

0.45

...

0.01

0.01

-2

-3

...

...

...

...

Mauritius

0.43

0.44

1.19

1.54

1.75

1.63

1.73

0.02

0.03

14

-7

6

...

...

...

Morocco

2.49

2.17

4.27

4.64

6.88

7.03

7.22

0.12

0.13

2

2

3

...

...

...

Mozambique

0.28

0.08

0.13

0.17

0.19

0.20

0.21

0.01

0.00

15

4

5

...

...

...

Namibia

1.46

0.73

1.09

1.37

1.36

1.40

1.46

0.07

0.03

-1

3

4

...

...

...

Niger

0.57

0.26

0.28

0.29

0.28

0.27

...

0.03

0.00

-2

-4

...

...

...

...

Nigeria

25.97

12.55

13.67

10.64

15.61

15.60

9.98

1.28

0.28

47

0

-36

...

...

...

Rwanda

0.07

0.13

0.11

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.06

0.00

0.00

11

47

-28

...

...

...

Sao Tome and Principe

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.01

0.00

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

-20

25

20

...

...

...

Senegal

0.48

0.56

0.76

0.86

0.99

0.93

0.98

0.02

0.02

15

-5

5

...

...

...

Seychelles

0.02

0.03

0.06

0.05

0.06

0.06

...

0.00

0.00

13

2

...

...

...

...

Sierra Leone

0.22

0.13

0.14

0.03

0.05

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.00

84

-63

12

...

...

...

Somalia

0.14

0.09

0.15

0.15

0.15

0.15

...

0.01

0.00

3

0

...

...

...

...

South Africa

25.53

16.29

23.55

27.86

29.33

31.02

28.25

1.25

0.56

5

6

-9

13.0

7.8

-1.8

Sudan

0.54

0.37

0.37

0.56

0.62

0.59

0.60

0.03

0.01

12

-4

0

...

...

...

Swaziland

0.37

0.18

0.56

0.96

0.89

0.96

0.93

0.02

0.02

-7

8

-4

...

...

...

Tanzania, United Rep.

0.51

0.25

0.42

0.64

0.76

0.72

0.67

0.03

0.01

19

-5

-6

...

...

...

Togo

0.34

0.19

0.27

0.21

0.20

0.24

0.24

0.02

0.00

-6

22

1

...

...

...

Tunisia

2.20

1.74

3.53

5.48

5.52

5.56

5.75

0.11

0.10

1

1

3

...

...

...

Uganda

0.35

0.39

0.15

0.46

0.60

0.56

0.51

0.02

0.01

31

-8

-8

...

...

...

Zambia

1.30

0.78

1.31

1.05

1.04

0.92

0.74

0.06

0.02

-1

-12

-19

...

...

...

Zimbabwe

1.41

1.11

1.73

2.12

2.42

2.51

2.70

0.07

0.05

14

4

8

...

...

...

Africa excluding South Africa

94.70

64.30

77.80

78.00

94.28

95.06

78.69

4.65

1.72

18

1

-17

...

...

...

Middle East

214.50

102.30

133.70

144.30

169.00

176.40

137.20

10.55

3.19

17

4

-22

...

...

...

Bahrain

3.59

2.90

3.76

4.11

4.70

4.38

3.27

0.18

0.08

14

-7

-25

...

...

...

Cyprus

0.53

0.48

0.96

1.23

1.40

1.10

1.06

0.03

0.02

14

-21

-4

...

...

...

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

14.08

13.80

16.87

16.80

19.40

18.50

12.60

0.69

0.33

15

-5

-32

...

...

...

Iraq

26.28

12.22

12.38

0.50

0.73

4.73

4.96

1.29

0.09

47

547

5

...

...

...

Israel

5.54

6.26

12.08

19.05

20.61

22.59

23.29

0.27

0.41

8

10

3

8.7

9.8

1.3

Jordan

0.57

0.79

1.06

1.77

1.82

1.84

1.80

0.03

0.03

3

1

-2

-1.9

6.9

...

Kuwait

19.66

10.49

7.04

12.93

14.86

13.95

8.47

0.97

0.25

15

-6

-39

...

...

...

Lebanon

0.87

0.48

0.49

0.83

1.02

0.64

0.72

0.04

0.01

23

-37

12

...

...

...

Oman

3.75

4.97

5.51

5.96

7.34

7.63

5.51

0.18

0.14

23

4

-28

...

...

...

Qatar

5.67

3.42

3.53

3.65

4.45

5.46

5.40

0.28

0.10

22

23

-1

...

...

...

Saudi Arabia

109.08

27.48

44.42

50.04

60.73

59.68

42.25

5.36

1.08

21

-2

-29

...

...

...

Syrian Arab Republic

2.11

1.64

4.21

3.56

4.00

3.92

2.84

0.10

0.07

12

-2

-27

...

...

...

United Arab Emirates

21.97

16.78

20.73

22.30

26.00

29.50

22.50

1.08

0.53

17

13

-24

...

...

...

Yemen

0.80

0.59

0.69

1.59

1.98

2.48

2.57

0.04

0.04

25

25

4

...

...

...

Asia a

323.60

416.40

792.40

1444.20

1463.10

1539.70

1443.40

15.91

27.85

1

5

-6

5.1

12.0

1.6

Afghanistan

0.67

0.57

0.24

0.16

0.16

0.15

...

0.03

0.00

0

-3

...

...

...

...

Australia

21.94

22.60

39.75

52.69

60.48

62.90

55.89

1.08

1.14

15

4

-11

11.4

13.9

-1.6

Bangladesh

0.79

1.00

1.67

3.17

3.30

3.78

3.83

0.04

0.07

4

15

1

...

...

...

Bhutan

0.02

0.02

0.08

0.08

0.10

0.11

...

0.00

0.00

21

9

...

...

...

...

Brunei Darussalam

4.58

2.97

2.21

2.76

3.60

3.20

...

0.23

0.06

30

-11

...

...

...

...

Cambodia

0.02

0.02

0.09

0.34

0.30

0.33

...

0.00

0.01

-12

10

...

...

...

...

China

18.19

27.34

62.09

148.78

151.05

182.79

183.76

0.89

3.31

2

21

1

...

...

...

Fiji

0.47

0.31

0.62

0.61

0.74

0.58

...

0.02

0.01

23

-23

...

...

...

...

Hong Kong, China

20.32

30.08

82.39

173.87

180.92

188.20

174.86

1.00

3.40

4

4

-7

4.8

6.1

-4.3

domestic exports

13.68

16.60

29.00

29.95

27.43

27.31

24.59

0.67

0.49

-8

0

-10

-8.4

2.2

-7.9

re-exports

6.64

13.48

53.39

143.93

153.49

160.89

150.28

0.33

2.91

7

5

-7

7.5

6.8

-3.7

India

8.59

9.14

17.98

30.76

33.05

34.25

32.88

0.42

0.62

7

4

-4

...

...

...

Indonesia

21.91

18.59

25.68

45.42

49.81

53.44

48.84

1.08

0.97

10

7

-9

...

...

...

Japan

130.44

177.16

287.58

443.12

410.90

420.96

387.93

6.41

7.61

-7

2

-8

1.2

11.8

-1.3

Kiribati

0.03

0.00

0.00

0.01

0.01

0.01

...

0.00

0.00

-29

0

...

...

...

...

Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of

0.90

1.33

1.86

0.74

0.73

0.91

...

0.04

0.02

-1

25

...

...

...

...

Korea, Rep. of

17.51

30.28

65.02

125.06

129.72

136.16

132.31

0.86

2.46

4

5

-3

19.8

24.9

17.9

Lao People's Dem. Rep.

0.03

0.05

0.08

0.31

0.32

0.36

...

0.00

0.01

4

11

...

...

...

...

Macau

0.54

0.91

1.69

2.03

2.10

2.28

2.27

0.03

0.04

4

9

-1

...

...

...

Malaysia

12.96

15.44

29.42

74.04

78.33

78.74

73.31

0.64

1.42

6

1

-7

...

...

...

Maldives

0.01

0.02

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.08

0.00

0.00

20

24

4

...

...

...

Mongolia

0.42

0.69

0.66

0.47

0.42

0.42

0.32

0.02

0.01

-10

-1

-25

...

...

...

Myanmar

0.47

0.30

0.33

0.85

0.73

0.87

1.08

0.02

0.02

-14

18

24

...

...

...

Nepal

0.08

0.16

0.21

0.34

0.38

0.40

...

0.00

0.01

12

5

...

...

...

...

New Zealand

5.42

5.72

9.49

13.74

14.42

14.08

12.07

0.27

0.25

5

-2

-14

4.8

4.9

0.8

Pakistan

2.62

2.74

5.59

7.99

9.33

8.73

8.49

0.13

0.16

17

-6

-3

18.7

-5.8

...

Papua New Guinea

1.03

0.91

1.14

2.64

2.51

2.14

1.77

0.05

0.04

-5

-15

-17

...

...

...

Philippines

5.74

4.61

8.07

17.50

20.42

25.09

29.33

0.28

0.45

17

23

17

...

...

...

Samoa

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

...

0.00

0.00

25

40

...

...

...

...

Singapore

19.38

22.81

52.75

118.27

125.01

124.99

109.90

0.95

2.26

6

0

-12

7.3

6.8

-0.7

domestic exports

12.66

14.97

34.85

69.56

73.47

72.40

63.38

0.62

1.31

6

-1

-12

6.4

4.9

0.2

re-exports

6.72

7.85

17.90

48.71

51.55

52.58

46.51

0.33

0.95

6

2

-12

8.8

9.9

-2.1

Solomon Islands

0.07

0.07

0.07

0.17

0.16

0.23

...

0.00

0.00

-4

42

...

...

...

...

Sri Lanka

1.07

1.29

1.98

3.80

4.10

4.63

4.73

0.05

0.08

8

13

2

3.2

11.6

...

Taipei, Chinese

19.78

30.70

67.14

111.59

115.73

121.29

109.87

0.97

2.19

4

5

-9

5.3

7.0

-1.0

Thailand

6.51

7.12

23.07

56.46

55.72

57.53

53.58

0.32

1.04

-1

3

-7

-2.9

8.9

5.8

Tonga

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

...

0.00

0.00

-29

0

...

...

...

...

Tuvalu

...

...

...

...

0.00

0.00

...

0.00

0.00

...

...

...

...

...

...

Vanuatu

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.04

...

0.00

0.00

7

17

...

...

...

...

Viet Nam

0.34

0.70

2.40

5.20

7.26

8.90

8.98

0.02

0.16

40

23

1

...

...

...

Memorandum items

Country groupings excluding significant double counting

World

2028.00

1937.00

3385.00

4928.00

5192.00

5368.00

5272.00

100.00

100.00

5

3

-2

5.6

10.6

4.3

Developed economies

1279.85

1288.80

2490.35

3491.70

3595.10

3668.10

3682.70

63.13

68.35

3

2

0

4.9

10.0

3.9

Developing economies

590.50

491.85

789.20

1276.80

1382.90

1477.20

1374.90

29.13

27.52

8

7

-7

7.1

12.2

4.8

Transition economies

157.45

156.10

105.40

159.60

I

213.60

I

222.89

214.11

7.77

4.15

8

4

-5

6.6

10.4

7.0

Asia

316.95

402.90

739.00

1300.30

1309.60

1378.80

1293.10

15.63

25.69

1

5

-6

4.8

12.6

2.2

a Includes significant re-exports.

b Figures for 1980 and 1985 refer to the former Federal Republic of Germany.

c Includes the intra-trade of the Baltic States and the CIS beginning with 1996.

Sources: see Notes