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World indicators on the environmentWorld Energy Statistics - Time SeriesEconomic inequality
EXPORTS : World, North America, Latin America and Western Europe
IMPORTS : World, North America, Latin America and Western Europe
EXPORTS : World, Central and Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania
IMPORTS : World, Central and Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania
Notes and Sources for the tables
Technical Notes
Data from the World Trade Organization.
--------------------------------

World merchandise imports by region and selected economies, 1980, 1985, 1990 and 1995-1998
(Billion dollars and percentage)

Annual percentage change

Value

Share

Value

Volume

1980

1985

1990

1995

1996

1997

1998

1980

1997

1996

1997

1998

1996

1997

1998

World a, e

2073.00

2008.00

3538.00

5209.00

I

5515.00

5691.00

5615.00

100.00

100.00

5

3

-1

6.2

9.5

4.0

Central and Eastern Europe/Baltic States/CIS e

153.95

148.10

113.70

155.00

I

229.95

I

246.02

I

241.64

7.43

4.30

17

7

-2

16.1

14.3

4.9

Central and Eastern Europe

85.44

65.18

47.45

95.14

111.55

I

119.17

I

131.99

4.12

2.35

15

7

11

0.0

0.0

0.0

Bulgaria

9.67

13.63

5.10

5.66

5.08

4.89

4.95

0.47

0.09

-10

-4

1

-16.4

2.2

11.0

Czech and Slovak Fed. Rep., former c

15.18

10.33

12.46

-

-

-

-

0.73

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Czech Rep. c

-

-

-

25.27

27.72

27.17

28.72

-

0.51

10

-2

6

10.7

8.4

7.3

German Dem. Rep., former

19.08

13.80

-

-

-

-

-

0.92

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Hungary

9.19

8.19

10.34

15.47

18.15

21.24

25.71

0.44

0.46

5

17

21

6.6

26.4

24.8

Poland

19.12

10.84

11.57

29.05

37.14

42.31

I

47.06

0.92

0.84

28

14

11

28.0

22.0

21.9

Romania

13.20

8.40

7.60

10.28

11.44

11.28

11.82

0.64

0.21

11

-1

5

0.2

3.8

16.0

Slovak Rep. c

-

-

-

8.77

11.13

I

11.67

12.97

-

0.23

27

5

11

...

...

...

Baltic States and the CIS

-

-

-

59.84

118.41

126.85

109.65

-

1.95

16

7

-14

...

...

...

Belarus

-

-

-

1.79

6.94

8.69

8.51

-

0.15

25

25

-2

...

...

...

Estonia

-

-

-

1.88

3.24

4.44

4.79

-

0.09

27

37

8

...

...

...

Kazakhstan

-

-

-

1.15

4.24

4.28

4.24

-

0.08

11

1

-1

...

...

...

Latvia

-

-

-

1.11

2.32

2.72

3.19

-

0.06

28

17

17

...

...

...

Lithuania

-

-

-

1.94

4.56

5.65

5.80

-

0.10

25

24

3

...

...

...

Russian Fed.

-

-

-

42.78

68.83

73.46

59.20

-

1.05

13

7

-19

...

...

...

Turkmenistan

-

-

-

0.61

1.32

1.23

0.83

-

0.01

-4

-6

-33

...

...

...

Ukraine

-

-

-

5.24

17.61

17.13

14.68

-

0.26

14

-3

-14

...

...

...

Uzbekistan

-

-

-

1.60

4.28

4.01

2.77

-

0.05

56

-6

-31

...

...

...

USSR, former c

68.52

82.92

66.27

-

-

-

-

3.31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Africa

96.80

69.40

94.80

124.40

123.10

130.30

133.60

4.67

2.38

-2

6

3

...

...

...

Algeria

10.56

9.84

9.72

10.78

9.11

8.69

9.32

0.51

0.17

-16

-5

7

...

...

...

Angola

1.33

1.40

1.58

1.70

2.05

2.33

2.12

0.06

0.04

21

14

-9

...

...

...

Benin

0.33

0.33

0.27

0.69

0.66

0.64

0.66

0.02

0.01

-4

-3

2

...

...

...

Botswana

0.69

0.58

1.95

1.91

1.74

2.26

2.85

0.03

0.05

-9

30

26

...

...

...

Burkina Faso

0.36

0.33

0.54

0.67

0.75

0.74

...

0.02

0.00

12

-2

...

...

...

...

Burundi

0.17

0.19

0.23

0.23

0.13

0.12

0.16

0.01

0.00

-46

-5

31

...

...

...

Cameroon

1.60

1.15

1.40

1.20

1.23

1.36

1.32

0.08

0.02

2

11

-3

...

...

...

Cape Verde

0.07

0.08

0.14

0.25

0.23

0.25

...

0.00

0.00

-7

7

...

...

...

...

Central African Republic

0.08

0.11

0.15

0.18

0.18

0.19

0.23

0.00

0.00

3

6

21

...

...

...

Chad

0.07

0.17

0.29

0.28

0.24

0.24

0.26

0.00

0.00

11

-1

5

...

...

...

Comoros

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.06

0.07

...

0.00

0.00

2

2

...

...

...

...

Congo

0.58

0.60

0.62

0.67

0.59

0.55

...

0.03

0.00

-12

-7

...

...

...

...

Congo, Dem. Rep. of

0.84

0.79

0.89

0.40

0.42

0.46

0.47

0.04

0.01

7

8

2

...

...

...

C˘te d'Ivoire

2.97

1.75

2.10

2.93

2.82

2.74

2.85

0.14

0.05

-4

-3

4

...

...

...

Djibouti

0.21

0.20

0.22

0.28

0.31

0.31

...

0.01

0.00

12

1

...

...

...

...

Egypt

4.86

5.50

9.22

11.74

13.02

13.21

16.17

0.23

0.29

11

1

22

...

...

...

Equatorial Guinea

0.03

0.02

0.06

0.05

0.09

0.09

...

0.00

0.00

70

6

...

...

...

...

Ethiopia

-

-

-

1.15

1.03

1.10

1.42

-

0.03

-10

7

29

...

...

...

Ethiopia, former

0.72

0.99

1.08

-

-

-

-

0.03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Gabon

0.67

0.86

0.92

0.88

0.97

1.04

0.92

0.03

0.02

10

7

-11

...

...

...

Gambia

0.17

0.09

0.20

0.14

0.23

0.25

...

0.01

0.00

63

10

...

...

...

...

Ghana

1.13

0.73

1.21

1.69

1.81

1.68

1.66

0.05

0.03

7

-7

-1

...

...

...

Guinea

0.36

0.45

0.72

0.75

0.86

1.00

1.09

0.02

0.02

15

16

9

...

...

...

Guinea-Bissau

0.06

0.06

0.07

0.13

0.09

0.10

...

0.00

0.00

-35

15

...

...

...

...

Kenya

2.13

1.44

2.13

2.95

2.91

3.27

3.28

0.10

0.06

-1

12

0

...

...

...

Lesotho

0.46

0.34

0.67

0.99

0.96

0.98

0.94

0.02

0.02

-3

2

-4

...

...

...

Liberia

0.54

0.28

0.21

0.35

0.41

0.40

...

0.03

0.00

16

-1

...

...

...

...

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

6.78

4.10

5.34

4.65

5.30

5.35

5.10

0.33

0.09

14

1

-5

...

...

...

Madagascar

0.60

0.40

0.57

0.50

0.51

0.48

...

0.03

0.00

1

-6

...

...

...

...

Malawi

0.44

0.29

0.58

0.48

0.62

0.58

0.53

0.02

0.01

31

-7

-9

...

...

...

Mali

0.44

0.30

0.62

0.77

0.77

0.69

0.75

0.02

0.01

-1

-10

9

...

...

...

Mauritania

0.29

0.25

0.39

0.39

0.40

0.38

...

0.01

0.00

3

-5

...

...

...

...

Mauritius

0.61

0.52

1.62

1.98

2.28

2.24

2.18

0.03

0.04

15

-2

-3

...

...

...

Morocco

4.16

3.85

6.80

8.56

9.70

9.53

10.26

0.20

0.18

-4

-2

8

-3.6

...

...

Mozambique

0.80

0.42

0.88

0.78

0.74

0.76

0.91

0.04

0.02

-5

2

20

...

...

...

Namibia

1.16

0.58

1.16

1.47

1.58

1.60

1.68

0.06

0.03

8

1

5

...

...

...

Niger

0.59

0.37

0.39

0.37

0.34

0.42

...

0.03

0.00

-8

24

...

...

...

...

Nigeria

16.66

8.88

5.63

9.33

8.00

11.50

11.89

0.80

0.21

-14

44

3

...

...

...

Rwanda

0.24

0.30

0.29

0.24

0.26

0.30

0.29

0.01

0.01

9

16

-4

...

...

...

Sao Tome and Principe

0.02

0.01

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.04

...

0.00

0.00

13

0

...

...

...

...

Senegal

1.05

0.83

1.22

1.30

1.27

1.20

1.26

0.05

0.02

-3

-6

5

...

...

...

Seychelles

0.10

0.10

0.19

0.23

0.27

0.34

...

0.00

0.00

18

24

...

...

...

...

Sierra Leone

0.43

0.15

0.15

0.14

0.21

0.09

0.13

0.02

0.00

56

-56

40

...

...

...

Somalia

0.35

0.11

0.10

0.19

0.17

0.18

...

0.02

0.00

-12

6

...

...

...

...

South Africa

19.60

11.32

18.40

30.56

30.13

32.94

29.88

0.95

0.53

-1

9

-9

8.3

10.0

-0.5

Sudan

1.58

0.77

0.62

1.22

1.55

1.58

1.92

0.08

0.03

27

2

21

...

...

...

Swaziland

0.62

0.32

0.66

1.10

1.17

1.19

1.02

0.03

0.02

6

2

-14

...

...

...

Tanzania, United Rep. of

1.25

1.32

1.03

1.62

1.39

1.34

1.45

0.06

0.03

-14

-4

9

...

...

...

Togo

0.55

0.29

0.58

0.39

0.40

0.37

0.38

0.03

0.01

4

-7

2

...

...

...

Tunisia

3.54

2.76

5.54

7.90

7.75

7.91

8.33

0.17

0.15

-2

2

5

...

...

...

Uganda

0.29

0.33

0.21

1.06

1.19

1.31

1.41

0.01

0.03

12

11

7

...

...

...

Zambia

1.34

0.65

1.22

0.71

1.41

0.82

0.76

0.06

0.01

101

-42

-7

...

...

...

Zimbabwe

1.45

1.03

1.85

2.66

2.81

3.09

3.02

0.07

0.05

6

10

-2

...

...

...

Africa excluding South Africa

77.20

58.10

76.40

93.80

93.02

97.36

103.75

3.72

1.85

-2

5

7

...

...

...

Middle East

102.80

88.90

99.20

130.10

139.60

150.70

143.70

4.96

2.56

7

8

-5

...

...

...

Bahrain

3.48

3.11

3.71

3.72

4.27

4.03

3.46

0.17

0.06

15

-6

-14

...

...

...

Cyprus

1.20

1.25

2.57

3.69

3.98

3.70

3.69

0.06

0.07

8

-7

0

...

...

...

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

12.25

11.64

15.72

11.23

13.05

14.02

12.90

0.59

0.23

16

7

-8

...

...

...

Iraq

13.94

10.56

7.66

0.72

0.95

4.26

4.40

0.67

0.08

32

348

3

...

...

...

Israel

9.78

10.17

16.79

29.58

31.69

30.78

29.34

0.47

0.52

7

-3

-5

6.6

1.6

...

Jordan

2.40

2.73

2.60

3.70

4.43

4.09

3.84

0.12

0.07

20

-8

-6

12.9

...

...

Kuwait

6.53

6.01

3.97

7.78

8.37

8.25

8.17

0.32

0.15

8

-2

-1

...

...

...

Lebanon

3.65

2.20

2.53

7.28

7.58

7.46

7.06

0.18

0.13

4

-2

-5

...

...

...

Oman

1.73

3.15

2.68

4.25

4.58

5.03

5.68

0.08

0.10

8

10

13

...

...

...

Qatar

1.42

1.14

1.70

3.07

2.91

4.32

4.76

0.07

0.08

-5

48

10

...

...

...

Saudi Arabia

30.17

23.62

24.07

28.09

27.77

28.74

26.40

1.46

0.47

-1

4

-8

...

...

...

Syrian Arab Republic

4.12

3.97

2.40

4.71

5.38

4.03

4.49

0.20

0.08

14

-25

11

0.8

-12.8

...

United Arab Emirates

8.75

6.55

11.20

20.98

22.64

29.95

27.46

0.42

0.49

8

32

-8

...

...

...

Yemen

3.38

2.76

1.57

1.29

2.04

2.01

2.08

0.16

0.04

29

-1

3

...

...

...

Asia a

352.00

389.40

762.20

1401.60

1469.80

1482.30

1236.70

16.98

22.03

5

1

-17

6.0

5.9

-7.5

Afghanistan

0.84

1.19

0.94

0.45

0.45

0.45

...

0.04

0.00

0

0

...

...

...

...

Australia

22.40

25.89

42.03

61.28

65.43

65.88

64.67

1.08

1.15

7

1

-2

8.5

11.9

8.6

Bangladesh

2.60

2.77

3.60

6.50

6.62

6.71

6.92

0.13

0.12

2

1

3

...

...

...

Bhutan

0.05

0.08

0.11

0.11

0.13

0.16

...

0.00

0.00

18

25

...

...

...

...

Brunei Darussalam

0.57

0.62

1.00

1.92

1.92

2.00

...

0.03

0.00

0

4

...

...

...

...

Cambodia

0.18

0.12

0.16

0.63

0.47

0.66

...

0.01

0.00

-26

41

...

...

...

...

China

20.05

42.49

53.35

132.08

138.83

142.37

140.17

0.97

2.50

5

3

-2

...

...

...

Fiji

0.56

0.44

0.74

0.86

0.98

0.96

...

0.03

0.00

13

-2

...

...

...

...

Hong Kong, China d

22.99

31.20

84.73

196.07

201.28

213.30

186.76

1.11

3.33

3

6

-12

4.3

7.2

-7.1

retained imports

16.36

17.72

31.34

52.15

47.80

52.41

36.48

0.79

0.65

-8

10

-30

-6.9

10.9

-26.1

India

14.86

15.93

23.64

34.52

37.38

41.02

42.21

0.72

0.75

8

10

3

...

...

...

Indonesia

10.83

10.26

21.84

40.63

42.93

41.69

27.42

0.52

0.49

6

-3

-34

...

...

...

Japan

141.30

130.49

235.37

335.88

349.15

338.75

280.48

6.82

5.00

4

-3

-17

5.6

1.7

-5.3

Kiribati

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.03

0.04

...

0.00

0.00

-6

6

...

...

...

...

Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of

1.20

1.79

2.93

1.31

1.25

1.27

...

0.06

0.00

-5

2

...

...

...

...

Korea, Rep. of

22.29

31.14

69.84

135.12

150.34

144.62

93.28

1.08

1.66

11

-4

-35

12.6

1.5

-21.0

Lao People's Dem. Rep.

0.09

0.19

0.20

0.59

0.69

0.71

...

0.00

0.00

17

2

...

...

...

...

Macau

0.54

0.78

1.53

2.03

1.99

2.08

1.95

0.03

0.03

-2

4

-6

...

...

...

Malaysia

10.82

12.30

29.26

77.75

78.42

79.03

58.33

0.52

1.04

1

1

-26

...

...

...

Maldives

0.03

0.05

0.14

0.27

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.00

0.01

13

16

2

...

...

...

Mongolia

0.57

1.10

0.92

0.42

0.45

0.44

0.47

0.03

0.01

9

-2

6

...

...

...

Myanmar

0.35

0.28

0.27

1.33

1.36

2.05

2.67

0.02

0.05

2

51

30

...

...

...

Nepal

0.34

0.45

0.69

1.33

1.44

1.72

1.24

0.02

0.02

8

19

-28

...

...

...

New Zealand

5.47

5.99

9.50

13.96

14.72

14.52

12.50

0.26

0.22

5

-1

-14

3.4

3.7

2.4

Pakistan

5.35

5.89

7.38

11.46

12.14

11.61

9.31

0.26

0.17

6

-4

-20

-2.1

2.9

...

Papua New Guinea

1.18

1.01

1.19

1.45

1.74

1.70

1.19

0.06

0.02

20

-2

-30

...

...

...

Philippines

8.30

5.46

13.04

28.34

34.12

38.28

31.67

0.40

0.56

20

12

-17

...

...

...

Samoa

0.06

0.05

0.08

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.00

0.00

5

-4

1

...

...

...

Singapore d

24.01

26.29

60.90

124.51

131.34

132.44

101.60

1.16

1.81

5

1

-23

7.1

8.1

-12.7

retained imports

17.29

18.44

43.00

75.80

79.79

79.85

55.08

0.83

0.98

5

0

-31

...

...

...

Solomon Islands

0.09

0.08

0.09

0.17

0.17

0.18

...

0.00

0.00

2

6

...

...

...

...

Sri Lanka

2.04

1.84

2.69

5.19

5.42

5.84

5.92

0.10

0.11

4

8

1

2.2

9.9

...

Taipei, Chinese

19.76

20.12

54.83

103.70

101.29

113.92

104.21

0.95

1.86

-2

12

-9

1.1

19.3

2.2

Thailand

9.21

9.24

33.38

70.78

72.33

62.85

42.97

0.44

0.77

2

-13

-32

1.7

-7.5

-25.0

Tonga

0.04

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.07

0.07

...

0.00

0.00

-4

-1

...

...

...

...

Tuvalu

0.00

0.00

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

...

0.00

0.00

-11

25

...

...

...

...

Vanuatu

0.07

0.07

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.09

...

0.00

0.00

2

-4

...

...

...

...

Viet Nam

1.31

1.86

2.75

7.50

11.14

11.27

11.02

0.06

0.20

49

1

-2

...

...

...

Memorandum items

Country groupings excluding significant double counting

World

2067.00

1994.00

3484.00

5065.00

5362.00

5530.00

5465.00

100.00

100.00

5

3

-1

6.2

9.6

4.2

Developed economies

1410.25

1378.25

2603.30

3531.50

3667.70

3730.40

3830.50

68.25

70.12

4

2

3

5.4

8.7

7.3

Developing economies

502.60

468.10

767.20

1378.30

I

1464.00

1553.30

1392.70

24.32

25.48

6

6

-10

6.5

11.1

-3.7

Transition economies

153.95

148.10

113.70

155.00

I

229.95

I

246.02

241.64

7.45

4.42

17

7

-2

16.2

17.1

10.1

Asia

345.35

375.90

708.80

1257.70

1316.40

1321.40

1086.40

16.71

19.89

5

0

-18

5.8

5.9

-8.0

a Includes significant imports for re-export.

b Figures for 1980 and 1985 refer to the former Federal Republic of Germany.

c Imports are valued f.o.b.

d Includes significant imports for re-export. Re-export figures are given in export worksheet.

e Includes the intra-trade of the Baltic States and the CIS beginning with 1996.

Sources: see Notes