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Be an Effective Agent for Change! a post-graduate course in Education for Sustainability

Supplementary Digital Study Packs
for modules taught by Róbinson Rojas

1) Development Planning Unit (UCL):
- Managing and Planning for Development: International and National Dimensions
- Urban Development and Economics

2) Education for Sustainability Programme (LSBU):

- Local and Global with a focus on NGO education
- Theories and Perspectives on Environment and Development

Local and Global with a focus on NGO education
Brief graphics notes for Unit 4
(Local and Global with a focus on NGO education)

Dr. Róbinson Rojas – December 2009

From Development In Practice

Development, NGOs, and Civil Society
Deborah Eade (editor)

The rise of neoliberalism and the so-called Washington Consensus have generated a powerful international agenda of what constitutes good governance, democratisation, and the proper role of the state and civil society in advancing development. As public spending has declined, the NGO sector has massively benefited from taking on a service-delivery role. At the same time, as civil society organisations,, NGOs are a convenient channel through which official agencies can promote political pluralism. But can NGOs play these roles simultaneously? Can they both facilitate governments’ withdrawal from providing basic services for all and also claim to represent the poor and the disenfranchised? Are NGOs legitimate political actors in their own right? Jenny Pearce introduces papers that describe some of the tensions inherent in the roles being played by NGOs, and asks whether they truly stand for anything fundamentally different from the agencies on whose largesse they increasingly depend.

J. Petras, Imperialism and NGOs in Latin America
From Monthly Review

By the early 1980s the more perceptive sectors of the neoliberal ruling classes realized that their policies were polarizing the society and provoking large-scale social discontent. Neoliberal politicians began to finance and promote a parallel strategy "from below," the promotion of "grassroots" organization with an "anti-statist" ideology to intervene among potentially conflictory classes, to create a "social cushion." These organizations were financially dependent on neoliberal sources and were directly involved in competing with socio-political movements for the allegiance of local leaders and activist communities. By the 1990s these organizations, described as "nongovernmental," numbered in the thousands and were receiving close to four billion dollars world-wide.

UN: World Economic Situation and Prospects

World Economic Situation and Prospects 2010
The global economy is on the mend …
The world economy is on the mend. After a sharp, broad and synchronized global downturn in late 2008 and early 2009, an increasing number of countries have registered positive quarterly growth of gross domestic product (GDP), along with a notable recovery in international trade and global industrial production. World equity markets have also rebounded and risk premiums on borrowing have fallen.
… but recovery is fragile
World Economic Situation and Prospects 2009
It was never meant to happen again, but the world economy is now mired in the most severe financial crisis since the Great Depression. In little over a year, the mid-2007 subprime mortgage debacle in the United States of America has developed into a global financial crisis and started to move the global economy into a recession. Aggressive monetary policy action in the United States and massive liquidity injections by the central banks of the major developed countries were unable to avert this crisis. Several major financial institutions in the United States and Europe have failed, and stock market and commodity prices have collapsed and become highly volatile. Interbank lending in most developed countries has come to a virtual standstill, and the spread between the interest rate on interbank loans and treasury bills has surged to the highest level in decades. Retail businesses and industrial firms, both large and small, are finding it increasingly difficult to obtain credit as banks have become reluctant to lend, even to long-time customers. In October 2008, the financial crisis escalated further with sharp falls on stock markets in both developed and emerging economies. Many countries experienced their worst ever weekly sell off in equity markets

UN: World Economic and Social Situation
Global Economic Prospects and the Dev. Countries (GEPDC) (various years)
Global Development Finance (GDF) (various years)

Statistical Indicators for Asia and the Pacific
Data Center
Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific

Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2009
World Bank:
Africa Development Indicators(ADI) (various years)
Global Employment Trends and Related Reports
  1. Economic and Labour Market Analysis Department (EMP/ELM)
    1. Employment Trends (EMP/TRENDS)
    2. Policy Analysis and Research (EMP/ANALYSIS)
  2. Employment Policy Department (EMP/POLICY)
    1. Country Employment Policy (EMP/CEPOL)
    2. Employment-Intensive Investment Programme (EIIP)
  3. Job Creation and Enterprise Development Department (EMP/ENTERPRISE)
    1. Boosting Employment through Small Enterprise Development (EMP/SEED)
    2. Cooperatives (EMP/COOP)
    3. Multinational Enterprises (EMP/MULTI)
  4. Skills and Employability Department (EMP/SKILLS)
  5. ILO Programme on Crisis Response and Reconstruction (ILO/CRISIS)
  6. Social Finance

International Trade Statistics (ITS) (various years)

Back to World Economic and Social Situation and Prospects

Ethics, Development and Economics
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Development Economics
The Future of Development Economics
The Need to Rethink Development Economics
The New Economy in Development -----...more

World Economic and Social Situation and Prospects
Global Financial and Economic Crisis 07-09

Latin America

Human Development Reports
World Development Indicators
World Development Reports
World Investment Reports--- ...more

Public Action - Social Movements

Basic knowledge on economics
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Karl Marx Adam Smith

On Capitalist Economic and Political Terrorism

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UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics
Statistics 1
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Andre Gunder Frank website

The murder of Allende
Puro Chile. The Memory of the People

Project for the First People's Century

World Clock
About us

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